Do you suffer from a continuously running nose that does not seem to improve over time? If so, you may have sinusitis often referred to as sinus infections. Sinus infections are fairly frequent and are experienced by people of all ages.
The symptoms can range from mild to extreme which makes it difficult to go about your day when you’re experiencing severe discomfort. If you think that you have sinus issues and you are concerned about your sinuses, the best thing to discuss with an ENT is treatment options.
What is Sinusitis?
A sinus infection region can lead to inflammation or swelling in the delicate tissue. In the sinuses, there is a layer of tissues that are constantly clean with mucus. The hollow spaces between your cheekbones as well as in the forehead area are vital for your upper respiratory system since mucus production shields you from pollutants, allergens, and dust.
If the sinuses of your are in good health and healthy, they will be full of air. If you suffer from an infection, your sinuses are blocked as they are stuffed with bacteria, fluid, and congestion. The blockages create the perfect environment for the disease to grow and flourish.
Certain conditions may make it more likely to develop sinus obstruction and increase the chance of suffering from sinus infections:
- Allergies that are seasonal
- The common cold is a common
- Environmental irritants
- Nasal polyps (small nasal growths) (small the lining of the nose)
- The septum has deviated
Risk Factors that Cause Chronic Sinusitis
It is believed at around 35 million Americans suffer from sinusitis at least one time per year. Your chance of getting an infection in your sinus increases due to these elements:
- The common cold is a common occurrence is a cause of swelling inside the nose
- The drainage ducts of the respiratory tract’s upper part.
- The structural issues that block the sinus drainage
- Allergies that are not treated
- Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
Sinus infections are prevalent in adults, and children may be affected too. Some factors which increase the chance of developing sinus infections in children include:
- The ailment that develops after spending time with other children at daycare or at school
- A bottle of wine to drink while lying down
- Use the baby pacifier
- Smoke that is broken second-hand
- Pollutants in the environment
Differentiation Between Chronic Sinusitis and Acute Sinusitis
The signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis and acute sinusitis are comparable, however, there are some noticeable distinctions that ENT doctors utilize to establish the diagnosis.
If for instance, you suffer from an immediate sinus infection this means that symptoms begin quickly and then go completely after the treatment starts. In contrast, chronic sinus infections tend to be frequent. Although you may be able to manage immediately, the symptoms typically occur several times a year or more frequently.
Treatment Strategies to Sinus Issues
The treatment plan you receive will be based on the extent and duration of the symptoms. The best way to approach this is to establish a diagnosis first. Then, we can create a treatment strategy that addresses your specific requirements.
In the case of a minor nose infection, using nasal saline is washes, and using a decongestant could help relieve symptoms and heal the infection. It’s not recommended to use decongestants that are available over the counter for more than 3 consecutive days.
Sometimes doctors will prescribe antibiotics. It is crucial to establish that your sinus problem is bacterial since antibiotics aren’t effective for viral infections. If you’re taking antibiotics, you must take the medication until the expiration date of that prescription even though symptoms have diminished.
It is helpful to determine any triggers contributing to your sinus issues. For instance, limiting exposure to allergic compounds or second-hand smoke may help in reducing the symptoms you experience within your sinuses.