Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition where people have distressing and unwelcome thoughts.
People with OCD feel the need to do certain actions in order to reduce anxiety. OCD sufferers may also experience motor or vocal “tics,” such as eye blinking and throat clearing.
Harvard Medical School data shows that OCD is common: Around 2.3%Trusted Source people experience OCD at one time or another.
OCD can be a chronic condition that may affect your daily life, such as work and school.
There are no cures for OCD, but there are ways to ease the symptoms. We’ll be discussing the various treatment options.
OCD Treatment Options
OCD symptoms are often not treated by professionals. This is because they can change over time and can be unpredictable.
OCD is best treated early. Early intervention and the right care are more likely to lead to better outcomes.
When treatment is provided by an interdisciplinary healthcare team, the outcomes are better Trusted Source. These can include doctors, psychiatrists, psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, and pharmacologists, who all work together to develop a treatment plan that suits your needs.
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT),
Many people find cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) an effective way to manage OCD symptoms, whether they are taking medication or not.
CBT, a type of talk therapy, focuses on changing unhelpful and unrealistic thoughts.
OCD is a condition that causes anxiety. Anxiety grows worse the more you try to suppress or control the thoughts. To neutralize unwelcome thoughts, you may resort to rituals and compulsive behavior.
Talking to your therapist about anxiety triggers is part of CBT. You may:
- Discuss how realistic or likely your assumptions are
- Restructure your thoughts to make them more realistic and healthy
- Explore any exaggerated sense of responsibility you might feel
- You can disconnect your thoughts from the actions that you take
- Instead of trying to control or avoid them, accept your thoughts and practice acceptance.
There are newer forms of CBT, such as acceptance therapy and commitment therapy trusted sources. This helps you to see thoughts and feelings (including anxiety) as temporary and can be managed.
This therapeutic approach focuses on learning to separate yourself and your thoughts. It also teaches you how to commit to living a life that is based on your long-term values, rather than your fleeting thoughts.
Researchers Trusted sources have found that online CBT programs are as effective as in-person therapy sessions for some people.