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What is nutrition and why is it important?

To understand the effects of nutrients on the body, nutritionists draw upon ideas from biochemistry and molecular biology.

Nutrition is also about how to make dietary choices that reduce the risk of developing the disease. It also discusses what happens when a person consumes too many or too few nutrients, as well as how allergies work.

Nutrients provide nourishment. Proteins, carbohydrates, fat, all types of carbohydrates.

Sugars can be described as simple carbs. Sugars and processed starch are quickly absorbed by the body. These can give you energy quickly, but they don’t leave you feeling full. They can also spike blood sugar levels. Frequent sugar spikes increase the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Complex carbs are healthier than refined sugars.

Find out more about fiber.

Proteins

Amino acids are organic compounds found naturally in proteins.

There are 20 types of amino acids. Some of these amino acids are essentialTrustedSource. This means that people must eat them. You can make them all.

Certain foods contain complete protein. This means that they have all the essential amino acids the body requires. Some foods have different combinations of amino acids.

Vegans should eat a variety of plant-based foods that provide complete protein.

Find out more about protein.

Fats

For:

  • lubricating joints
  • helping organs produce hormones
  • Allowing the body to absorb certain vitamins
  • Inflammation Reduction
  • preserving brain health

Too much fat can lead to obesity, high cholesterol, and liver disease, as well as other health issues.

But, it is important to consider the type of fat that a person consumes. Unsaturated fats such as olive oil are healthier than saturated fats which usually come from animals.

Learn more about different fat types and where you can find them.

Water

Up to 60% water is required by the adult human body. Many processes require water. Water contains no

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